Jubilee cinema (Karachi) becomes the first Pakistani cinema to be opened since Independence. The film Wamiq Azra, even though starring Pakistani actors Nazeer and Swaran Lata, was a pre-partition Bombay production.

September 2
The first Pakistani release Teri Yaad opens with Asha Posley and Nasir Khan (Dilip Kumar’s brother) in the lead roles. Producer: Divan Sirdari Lal (Divan Pictures). Music by Nath. Director : Daud Chand.

August 3
Phairay (Punjabi) released. It turned out to be the first Pakistani silver jubilee films (over 25 weeks). It was presented by Anis Pictures, produced and directed by Nazeer who also starred along with Swaran Lata, Nazar and Alaudin. The music was composed by Baba Chisti.

April 7
Do Ansoo released, which turned out to be the first Pakistani Urdu silver jubilee. A Naubahar Film presentation, produced by Sheikh Lateef, directed by Anwer Kamal with music from Mubarak. Starring Sabiha, Santosh, Shamim, Ajmal and Alauddin.

April 29
Chan way (Punjabi) released – the first Pakistani film to be directed by a woman, viz. Noor Jehan. A shahnoor Films presentation, produced by Shaukat Husain Rizvi with music from Feroze Nizami (famous song : Mundeya Sialkotiya). Starring Noor Jehan, Santoosh, Jahangir, Ghulam Muhammad).

June 3
Sassi released, which became the first Pakistani Golden Jubilee (over 50 weeks). Everready production, produced by J. C. Anand, directed by Daud Chand, music by Baba Chisti. Starring Sabiha, Sudheer, Asha Posle, Nazar, Saleem Raza (not the singer).

March 16
Umar Marvi, the first Sindhi film released, by Fazilani films. Produced by Fazilani, directed by Sheikh Hasan, this film had music a score by Ghulam Nabi Lateef and starred Nighat Sultana, Fazilani, Charlie.

July 17 Film journalist Ilyas Rasheedi launches annual Nigar Awards for outstanding performance in various departments of filmmaking

October 27
Gul Bakaoli released. It was the first Pakistani film with songs picturized in colour (filmed by M. Fazil and processed by Pyaray Khan). A zaman Art Production, produced by Q. Zaman, directed by Munshi Dil, music from Safdar. Starring Jameela Razzak, Sudheer, Ilyas Kashmiri.

April 23
Sangam, a Dhaka based production from Sunay Circle becomes the first Pakistani full-length colour movie. Produced and directed by Zaheer Rehan with music from Ata-ur-Rehman, the movie featured Rosie, Haroon, Sita and Khalil.
November 11
The West follows in step with Eik Dil Do Diwane, the first full length colour from this side of the country. Produced by Q. Zaman, directed by Vazir Ali, the film

had music by Tassaduq. It was filmed at screen and sound studios, processed at Evergreen Laboratories and featured Rani, Kamal, Zeenat and Saqi.
December 4
Caravan released a Dhaka based Labdhak Productions, it was the first Pakistani film to be shot in a foreign land, viz Nepal produced by M. Sadiq, directed by S. M. Pervez, the film had musical score by Robin Ghosh and starred Shabnam, Haroon, Tarana, Badruddin.

April 16
Bahana becomes the first black & white cinemascope. From the same team which gave Sangam a year back, the film featured Kaburi, Rehman, Garaj Babu. Again, an East Pakistan feat.
December 3
Dhaka leads once again, this time with the first Pakistani colour cinemascope Mala. A Dossani-Leave films presentation directed by Mustafeez, who also co-produced with Dossani, music from Ata-ur-Rehman; starring Sultana Zaman, Azeem, Irfan and Khaleel.

March 18
Arman, a Film Arts presentation released at Naz Cinema, Karachi. It turned out to be the first Pakistani Platinum Jubilee (over 75 weeks). Written and produced by Waheed Murad, with screenplay and direction by Pervez Malik, music by Sohail Rana, Lyrics by Masroor Anwer, the film featured Waheed Murad, Zeba, Nirala, Bibbo, Tarannum, Zahoor Ahmed, Rozina. (Famous songs: Kokokorina, akailay nah jana and virtually all other

September 8
Milan Films (Dhaka) present Darshan Basheer Ahmed becomes the first and the only Pakistani artiste to write, compose and sing the songs of a film all by himself (only one of the eight songs is a female one from Mala, while in the duet Basheer Ahmed is joined by Noor Jehan.) He is, however, accused of having taken inspiration from the songs of the Indian film, Jab jab Phool Khile, which has a similar storyline. Produced by Kumkum, the film is directed by Rehman who also stars along with Shabnam, Garaj Babu, Reshman. Many hit songs including Yeh mausam yeh must.

December 12
Baharain Phir Bhi Ayengi released. Shamim Nazli (the singer Mala’s sister) becomes the first and the only female music director in Pakistan. Unfortunately, some of the songs are definitely copied (e.g. the most popular, Pyaar kay naghmay kis nay chhaire is a carbon-copy of the Indian song Aaj kal tere mere pyaar ke charche har zuban par from Braham chari) a P. L. Films presentation, produced by Ashiq Butt, directed by S. Suleman, this film featured Zeba, Muhammad Ali, Rozina, Lehri and Ahmed Rushdi.

The first Gujrati film Maa Tay Maa presented by Asian Movies produced by Qadeer Khan with musical score from the duo Lal Muhammad Iqbal and directed by Iqbal Akhtar. The cast included Shaista Qaisar, Agha Sajjad, Saira Bano.
December 1
The first Pushto Yousuf Khan Sher Bano presented by United Artists produced by Nazeer Husain with musical score from M. Ashraf and directed by Tasneem. The case included Badar Munir, Yasmeen Khan, Mahpara, Saqi.

February 7
Dosti released to become the first Pakistani Diamond Jubilee (over 100 weeks). A Punjab films presentation, produced by Ejaz and directed by Sharif Nayyar, the film had memorable score from A. Hameed – Chitthi zara sayyanji ke naam likhde, and several other popular hits. The cast included shabnam, Husna, Ejaz, Rehman, Saqi.

Aina released to become the most popular film of the country, running more than 400 weeks, and staying on screen for over 4 years. Directed by Nazrul Islam, starring Nadeem, Shabnam, Rehan and Qavi among others. The refreshing music from Robin Ghosh to the lyrics of Suroor Barabankvi sung by Alamgir, Mehnaz, Nayyara Noor and Mehdi Hassan is among the highpoints of the film.

28 December
Film Awards announced by the Government of Pakistan for the first time.

Film Directory compiled in Urdu by Yasin Gurija and published by Shehzad Comercial Corporation, 10 Asif building, Maulana Zafar Ali Khan Rd, Lahore, was the first book on Pakistani film that may be called comprehensive in many ways. Apart from tracing the history of the Pakistani cinema from the pre-partition days and providing biographical account of many important personalities related with the trade, it also included for the first time a complete list of all films released until December 1985. The films were listed in chronological order with banner, producer, director, music composer, cast and the exact date of release (not just the year, but also the date and month). A separate index listed the films in alphabetical order with cross-referenced by the year to facilitate searching the films in the main list. The same alphabetical index also states the box-office status of each film on a scale of one to three. The directory is periodically updated by the editor after every few years and remains the most comprehensive document on the subject.

SHANI was the first Pakistani movie to use special effects. Directed by Saeed Rizvi for the producer Rafiq Rizvi with music from Anjum and a cast inlcuding Babra Shareef, Sherry Malik, Muhammad Ali, Asif, Nayyar Sultana.

INTERNATIONAL GORILLAY, based on the issue of Satanic Verses, was perhaps the first Pakistani film to depict a contemporary personality (Salman Rushdie played by Afzal Ahmad) as the main villain in the story. Directed by Jan Muhammad for producer Sajjad Gul with music from Arshad/Ashraf and a cast including Babra Shareef, Javed Sheikh, Ghulam Mohiuddin, Albela and Neeli.

Pakistan Cinema by Mushtaq Gazdar is probably the first book on this subject to be printed in English by Oxford University Press. Although less user-friendly than Yasin Gurija’s Film Directory mentioned above, this is still a good chance for any one who is not comfortable with reading Urdu.

Source: Dawn